First Growth — Premier Cru Classe
12 - 13,000 cases
‘Once upon a time, Chateau Margaux…’
Known since the XII century, it was called “La Mothe de Margaux” (the Margaux mound) and, at that time, it didn’t have any vines. The old name didn’t happen by chance; in a flat region like the Médoc, the slightest “mound” was easily distinguished and the greatest wines are always produced on sloping land that ensures good drainage.
In the vineyard, it is said that great wines are produced from vines that are least twenty years old. The Cabernet Sauvignon variety at Margaux unfortunately has a very high mortality rate. So as the vines die, one by one they are replaced (aka ‘complantation’), the essence after all is to keep the vines producing with age. At Margaux, it is said that they replace between 10,000–15,000 plants per year shortly after the pruning process. In fact, in effect the whole vineyard eventually dies and must be replaced, but you cant just pull up all the vine stocks and replant, the soil must rest for 6 years.
Margaux produce three wines: Chateau Margaux, Pavillon Rouge du Chateau Margaux (second wine), and then a third.